Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture is the most comprehensive reference work in this complex and diverse area of art history. Built on the acclaimed scholarship of the Grove Dictionary of Art, this work spans more than a thousand years of achievements and ranges from the Middle East to Central and South Asia, Africa, and Europe. Recent changes in Islamic art in areas such as Afghanistan, Iran and Iraq are elucidated here. Entries provide in-depth art historical and cultural information. Copious illustrations of sculpture, mosaic, painting, ceramics, architecture, metalwork and calligraphy illuminate the rich artistic tradition of the Islamic world.